Patent Thicket Example: Everything You Need To Know
A patent thicket example is a group of overlapping patents in a specific industry owned by many different companies.3 min read
A patent thicket example is a group of overlapping patents in a specific industry owned by many different companies. This creates a situation in which the firms prevent one another from innovating. The products in question require the use of hundreds of different patented innovations, often with unclear ownership and/or owned by competitors or small independent companies. The telecommunications industry is a prime example of a patent thicket.
Disadvantages of Patent Thickets
In addition to disrupting or delaying potential innovation, a patent thicket can:
- Increase the frequency of patent litigation
- Increase the complexity of license agreement negotiations
- Encourage more businesses to patent weaker innovations
- Increase the costs of patent transactions
- Reduce profits to innovative companies
- Limit the incentive for businesses to innovate
In fact, small companies may be completely discouraged from entering industries where patent thickets prevail, such as technology and telecom.
Factors That Contribute To Patent Thickets
Patent filings have been at an all-time high over the past two decades. In 2014, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) received almost 580,000 applications, while China received almost 1 million applications in the same year. This would lead the casual observer to believe that innovation is also at its global peak.
The increase in patent applications has been concentrated in Internet-related and digital communication technologies. Although this does indicate an elevated level of technological progress, many experts are concerned about the efficacy of the patent system.
Some policymakers and economists see the dramatic increase in filings as a symptom of problems with the patent system, creating patent thickets that have the effect of discouraging innovation even in the industries that have seen such rapid growth.
The Economic Impact of Patent Litigation
The information technology arena is full of intellectual property (IP) disputes, perhaps none more noteworthy than Apple's recent victory in its long battle with Samsung. In economics, protecting your IP is seen as a reward for innovators that protects future innovators and ensures that the technology is priced fairly in the market. The rise of patent thickets, as well as patent trolls and other unscrupulous strategies, makes striking this delicate balance a challenge.
The New York Times noted in a research report that more than $20 billion was spent in the smartphone industry over the past two years on purchasing and defending patents. In fact, the spending by giants Google and Apple on patents exceeded their research and development spending for the first time ever last year. Others, however, note that the point of having a patent is the ability to enforce it and the increase in litigation doesn't necessarily represent an underlying problem with the patent system.