Bill: Everything You Need to Know
A bill is a proposed law presented for approval to a legislative body.16 min read
A proposed law presented for approval to a legislative body.
Most legislative proposals before Congress are in the form of bills and are designated by HR in the House of Representatives or S in the Senate, according to the house in which they originate, and by a number assigned in the order in which they are introduced during the two-year period of a congressional term. "Public bills" deal with general questions and become public laws if approved by Congress and signed by the president. "Private bills" deal with individual matters such as claims against the government, immigration and naturalization cases or land titles, and become private laws if approved and signed.
A bill or obligation, (which are the same thing, except that in English it is commonly called bill, but in Latin obligatio, obligation,) is a deed whereby the obligor acknowledges himself to owe unto the obligee a certain sum of money or some other thing, in which, besides the names of the parties, are to be considered the sum or thing due, the time, place, and manner of payment or delivery thereof. It may be indented, or poll, and with or without a penalty.
A complaint in writing addressed to the chancellor, containing the names of the parties to the suit, both complainant and defendant, a statement of the facts on which the complainant relies, and the allegations which he makes, with an averment that the acts complained of are contrary to equity , and a prayer for relief and proper process. Its office in a chancery suit, is the same as a declaration in an action at law, a libel in a court of admiralty or an allegation in, the spiritual courts.
Parts of a Bill
A bill usually consists of nine parts.
- The address, which must be to the chancellor, court or judge acting as such.
- The second part consists of the names of the plaintiffs and their descriptions; but the description of the parties in this part of the bill does not, it seems, constitute a sufficient averment, so as to put that fact in issue.
- The third part is called the premises or stating part of the bill, and contains the plaintiff's case.
Bills may be divided into three classes, namely:
- Original bills.
- Bills not original.
- Bills in the nature of original bills.
An original bill is one which prays the decree of the court, touching some right claimed by the person exhibiting the bill, in opposition to some right claimed by the person against whom the bill is exhibited. Original bills always relate to some matter not before litigated in the court by the same persons, and standing in the same interests. They may be divided into those which pray relief, and those which do not pray relief.
1st. Original bills praying relief are of three kinds.